Matthias Church (Hongaria)
Matthias Church is a church located in Budapest, Hungary, at the heart of Buda's Castle
District. According to church tradition, it was originally built in Romanesque style in 1015.
The current building was constructed in the florid late Gothic style in the second half of the
14th century and was extensively restored in the late 19th century. It was the second largest
church of medieval Buda and the seventh largest church of medieval Hungarian Kingdom.
Officially named as the Church of Our Lady, it has been popularly named after King Matthias,
who ordered the transformation of its original southern tower. The church was the scene of
several coronations, including that of Charles IV in 1916 (the last Habsburg king). It was also
the site for King Matthias's two weddings (the first to Catherine of Poděbrady and, after her
death, to Beatrice of Naples). During the century and a half of Turkish occupation, the vast
majority of its ecclesiastical treasures were shipped to Pressburg (present day Bratislava)
and following the capture of Buda in 1541 the church became the city's main mosque.
Ornate frescoes that previously adorned the walls of the building were whitewashed and
interior furnishings stripped out.
The church was also a place of the so called Mary-wonder. In 1686 during the siege of Buda
by the Holy League a wall of the church collapsed due to cannonfire. It turned out that an old
votive Madonna statue was hidden behind the wall. As the sculpture of the Virgin Mary
appeared before the praying Muslims, the morale of the garrison collapsed and the city fell
on the same day.
Although following Turkish expulsion in 1686 an attempt was made to restore the church in
the Baroque style, historical evidence shows that the work was largely unsatisfactory. It was
not until the great architectural boom towards the end of the 19th century that the building
regained much of its former splendour. The architect responsible for this work was Frigyes
The church was restored to its original 13th century plan but a number of early original
Gothic elements were uncovered. By also adding new motifs of his own (such as the diamond
pattern roof tiles and gargoyles laden spire) Schulek ensured that the work, when finished,
would be highly controversial.
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Harga : Rp 330.000,- / set